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Doges of Venice

Rising from tribal chiefs in the 8th century, Venice's doges evolved into elected sovereigns, wielding a blend of power both regal and republican. Early Doges, through deft alliances and ruthless purges, secured Venice's independence, laying the foundation for future maritime dominance. As trade flourished, the doges became empire builders, carving their mark on the Mediterranean through daring conquests and shrewd diplomacy. Yet, their reign was often precarious, balanced on a knife's edge between opulent ceremony and brutal power struggles. Extravagant doges who defied the intricate political web met swift and bloody ends, while others, navigating treacherous currents, saw their families sacrificed by vengeful rivals. The rise of rival Italian powers, coupled with the discovery of new trade routes, eroded Venice's maritime monopoly. Internally, the doge's power gradually eroded, becoming increasingly symbolic as councils and committees tightened their grip. The final blow came in 1797 when Napoleon Bonaparte's forces stormed the city, bringing an end to their thousand-year reign.

 
# Name
Rule
Birth/Death
Fate
 
1 Paoluccio Anafesto¹
697–717
–717
murdered at Heraclea during a revolt
2 Marcello Tegalliano¹
717–26
–726
died at Heraclea
3 Orso Ipato
727–37
–737
murdered
One-year Rule of the five magistri militum: 738–742 (Domenico Leone, Felice Cornicola, Teodato Ipato², Gioviano Cepario, Giovanni Fabriciaco)
4 Teodato Ipato¹
742–56 dep.
blinded
5 Galla Lupanio
756–57 dep.
blinded
6 Domenico Monegario
757–64 dep.
blinded
7 Maurizio Galbaio
767–87
–787
natural death in office
8 Giovanni Galbaio
787–803 dep.
–803?
fled to Mantova where he probably died
9 Obelerio Antenoreo
804–10 dep.
–831
executed
10 Agnello Partecipazio
810–27
–827
natural death in office
11 Giustiniano Partecipazio
827–29
–829
natural death in office
12 Giovanni I Partecipazio
829–36 dep.
forced to join a monastery in Grado
13 Pietro Tradonico
836–64
–864
murdered
14 Orso I Partecipazio
864–81
–881
natural death in office
15 Giovanni II Partecipazio (1)
881–87 abd.
 
 
16 Pietro I Candiano
887
–887
natural death in office
[15] Giovanni II Partecipazio (2)
887 abd.
–888
natural death
17 Pietro Tribuno
888–911
–911
natural death in office
Eight-month regency under Domenico Tribuno (?)
18 Orso II Partecipazio
912–32 abd.
–932
retired to the monastery of San Felice di Ammiana
19 Pietro II Candiano
932–39
–939
natural death in office
20 Pietro Badoer (Partecipazio)
939–42
–942
natural death in office
21 Pietro III Candiano
942–59 dep.
–959?
unknown
22 Pietro IV Candiano
959–76
–976
murdered by the mob
23 Pietro I Orseolo
976–78 abd.
–btw 982–97
fled Venice and entered a monastery in the Pyrenees
24 Vitale Candiano
978–79 abd.
–979
retired to the monastery of Sant'Ilario and died there
25 Tribuno Menio
979–91 dep.
–991
sent to the monastery of San Zaccaria where he died
26 Pietro Orseolo II
991–1009
–1009
natural death in office
27 Ottone Orseolo
1009–26 dep.
exiled to Constantinople
28 Pietro Centranigo
1026–31 dep.
–1032
exiled to Constantinople where he died
Regency under Orso Orseolo: 1031–1032
29 Domenico Flabianico
1032–42
–1042
natural death in office
30 Domenico I Contarini
1043–71
–1071
natural death in office
31 Domenico Selvo
1071–84 dep.
–c.1087
died a natural death in a monastery
32 Vitale Falier Dodoni
1084–95
–1095
natural death in office
33 Vitale I Michiel
1095–1102
–1102
natural death in office
34 Ordelaf Falier Dodoni
1102–18
–1118
killed in battle at Zara
35 Domenico Michiel
1118–30 abd.
–1130
natural death
36 Pietro Polani
1130–47
–1147
natural death in office
37 Domenico Morosini
1147–56
–1156
natural death in office
38 Vitale II Michiel
1156–72
–1172
murdered
39 Sebastiano Ziani
1172–78 abd.
–1178
retired to the monastery of San Giorgio Maggiore
40 Orio Mastropiero
1178–92 abd.
–1192
natural death
41 Enrico Dandolo
1192–1205
–1205
natural death in office
42 Pietro Ziani
1205–29 abd.
–1229
natural death
43 Jacopo Tiepolo
1229–49 abd.
–1249
natural death
44 Marino Morosini
1249–53
–1253
natural death in office
45 Renier Zen
1253–68
–1268
natural death in office
46 Lorenzo Tiepolo
1268–75
–1275
natural death in office
47 Jacopo Contarini
1275–80 abd.
–1280
natural death
48 Giovanni Dandolo
1280–89
–1289
natural death in office
49 Pietro Gradenigo
1289–1311
–1311
natural death in office
50 Marino Zorzi
1311–12
–1312
natural death in office
51 Giovanni Soranzo
1312–28
1240–1328
natural death in office
52 Francesco Dandolo
1329–39
–1339
natural death in office
53 Bartolomeo Gradenigo
1339–42
–1342
natural death in office
54 Andrea Dandolo
1343–54
1306–54
natural death in office
55 Marino Falier
1354–55 dep.
–1355
executed
56 Giovanni Gradenigo
1355–56
–1356
natural death in office
57 Giovanni Dolfin
1356–61
–1361
natural death in office
58 Lorenzo Celsi
1361–65
–1365
natural death in office (poisoned?)
59 Marco Corner
1365–68
–1368
natural death in office
60 Andrea Contarini
1368–82
–1382
natural death in office
61 Michele Morosini
1382
–1382
died of the Plague
62 Antonio Venier
1382–1400
–1400
natural death in office
63 Michele Steno
1400–13
c.1331–1413
natural death in office
64 Tommaso Mocenigo
1414–23
c.1343–1423
natural death in office
65 Francesco Foscari
1423–57 abd.
c.1374–1457
natural death
66 Pasquale Malipiero
1457–62
c.1392–1462
natural death in office
67 Cristoforo Moro
1462–71
c.1390–1471
natural death in office
68 Nicoḷ Tron
1471–73
c.1399–1473
natural death in office
69 Nicoḷ Marcello
1473–74
c.1399–1474
natural death in office
70 Pietro Mocenigo
1474–76
c.1405–76
natural death in office
71 Andrea Vendramin
1476–78
c.1393–1478
natural death in office
72 Giovanni Mocenigo
1478–85
c.1409–85
natural death in office
73 Marco Bargarigo
1485–86
c.1413–86
natural death in office
74 Agostino Barbarigo
1486–1501
c.1420–1501
natural death in office
75 Leonardo Loredan
1501–21
1436–1521
natural death in office
76 Antonio Grimani
1521–23
1434–1523
natural death in office
77 Andrea Gritti
1523–38
1455–1538
natural death in office
78 Pietro Lando
1539–45
c.1462–1545
natural death in office
79 Francesco Donà
1545–53
c.1468–1553
natural death in office
80 Marcantonio Trevisan
1553–54
c.1475–1554
natural death in office
81 Francesco Venier
1554–56
c.1489–1556
natural death in office
82 Lorenzo Priuli
1556–59
1489–1559
natural death in office
83 Girolamo Priuli
1559–67
–1567
natural death in office
84 Pietro Loredan
1567–70
c.1482–1570
natural death in office
85 Alvise I Mocenigo
1570–77
1507–77
natural death in office
86 Sebastiano Venier
1577–78
c.1496–1578
natural death in office
87 Nicoḷ da Ponte
1578–85
1491–1585
natural death in office
88 Pasquale Cicogna
1585–95
1509–95
natural death in office
89 Marino Grimani
1595–1605
1532–1605
natural death in office
90 Leonardo Donà
1606–12
1536–1612
natural death in office
91 Marcantonio Memmo
1612–15
1536–1615
natural death in office
92 Giovanni Bembo
1615–18
1543–1618
natural death in office
93 Nicoḷ Donà
1618
1539–1618
natural death in office
94 Antonio Priuli
1618–23
1548–1623
natural death in office
95 Francesco Contarini
1623–24
1556–1624
natural death in office
96 Giovanni I Corner
1625–29
1551–1629
natural death in office
►Vacant: 23 Dec. 1629 – 18 Jan. 1630
97 Nicoḷ Contarini
1630–31
1553–1631
natural death in office
98 Francesco Erizzo
1631–46
1566–1646
natural death in office
99 Francesco Molin
1646–55
1575–1655
natural death in office
100 Carlo Contarini
1655–56
1580–1656
natural death in office
101 Francesco Corner
1656
1585–1656
natural death in office
102 Bertucci Valier
1656–58
1596–1658
natural death in office
103 Giovanni Pesaro
1658–59
1589–1659
natural death in office
104 Domenico Contarini
1659–75
1581–1675
natural death in office
105 Nicoḷ Sagredo
1675–76
1606–76
natural death in office
106 Alvise Contarini
1676–84
1601–84
natural death in office
107 Marcantonio Giustinian
1684–88
1619–88
natural death in office
108 Francesco Morosini
1688–94
1619–94
natural death in office
109 Silvestro Valier
1694–1700
1630–1700
natural death in office
110 Alvise II Mocenigo
1700–09
1628–1709
natural death in office
111 Giovanni II Corner
1709–22
1647–1722
natural death in office
112 Alvise III Mocenigo
1722–32
1662–1732
natural death in office
113 Carlo Ruzzini
1732–35
1653–1735
natural death in office
114 Alvise Pisani
1735–41
1664–1741
natural death in office
115 Pietro Grimani
1741–52
1677–1752
natural death in office
116 Francesco Loredan
1752–62
1685–1762
natural death in office
117 Marco Foscarini
1762–63
1696–1763
natural death in office
118 Alvise IV Mocenigo
1763–78
1701–78
natural death in office
119 Paolo Renier
1779–89
1710–89
natural death in office
120 Lodovico Manin
1789–97 abd.
1725–1802
natural death 

Notes

1. May not have existed
2. Also known as Diodato Orso

 





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